SOS Children in Lebanon
Lebanon is a small, mountainous country in the Middle East, whose vibrantly mixed population has experienced considerable unrest in recent decades.
From 1975 until the early 1990s Lebanon suffered a bloody civil war in which regional powers - particularly Israel, Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organisation - used the country as a battlefield for their own conflicts. Israeli troops invaded in 1982 before pulling back to a self-declared "security zone" in 1985 from which they withdrew in May 2000.
For decades, Lebanon has played host to refugees - there are some 400,000 Palestinian refugees within the country's borders. Recently, Syrian refugees have swelled the refugee population in Lebanon to 1.1 million. Over-stretched local authorities and communities are struggling to cope with the enormity of the situation. Conditions for refugees are becoming increasingly desperate.
Our Work in Lebanon
We have been helping refugees in Lebanon since March 2014. We operate an emergency interim care centre in Khonshara which has looked after more than 200 vulnerable children, providing them with a safe place to sleep, food and schooling. Our child-psychologists and medical team also support children from the centre and the surrounding area.
We began working in the country in 1966. Three years later the first SOS Children's Village was established in Bhersaf, inland from the capital Beirut. The Village has 12 family houses and is home to 108 children. Also nearby, the first SOS Youth Homes were set up in the mid-1970s, to help teenagers from the Village in their first steps to independence.
A second SOS Children's Village opened in Sferai, about 16 km east of the harbour city of Saida. As a result of the ongoing political conflict in the area and the closure of the main access roads, the SOS families and their neighbours lived for many years in virtual isolation.
The first SOS Social Centre in the country, “SOS-Entraide” was opened in Mkallès near Beirut in 1986, helping disadvantaged women and families from the neighbourhood by providing work as well as social and economic support. Its main focus is to prevent the abandonment of children by strengthening at-risk families, particularly those headed by single mothers.
In 1995, operations moved north, with the opening of a third Village, SOS Children’s Village Kfarhay, near Tripoli. The attached SOS Nursery cares for both SOS children and those from the local neighbourhood and plays a major role in ensuring that the village is well-integrated in the community.
Finally, in 2006 a fourth SOS Children’s Village was opened in Ksarnaba, in central Lebanon, comprising eight family homes. The local SOS Nursery and SOS Social Centre ensure that the local community receives the support it needs to give children the best start in life. The vocational training programme is a key project to improve the economically underdeveloped area, where 56% of girls are illiterate.
Association Libanaise des Villages d'Enfants SOS
B.P. 55242, Sin El Fil
Tel: +961/1/499 787
Fax: +961/1/499 808