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The Gambia
Gambia mother and child
At present SOS Children's Villages supports over 23,000 people in The Gambia through 2 Children’s Villages, a youth home, 2 Nursery Schools, 2 primary schools, an SOS Vocational Training Centre, a Family Strengthening Programme and a Medical Centre. … more about our charity work in The Gambia

Creating “greener pastures”: Tackling the migrant crisis

Youngsters are leaving countries like the Gambia in their droves – we are creating opportunities so their generation can thrive at home
Youngsters are leaving countries like the Gambia in their droves – we are creating opportunities so their generation can thrive at home

23-year-old Talba travelled 2,000 miles from the Gambia to Libya, braving kidnapping, disease and starvation to reach his destination. Like many young Africans, Talba was seeking passage to Europe and prosperity. The crossing cost his life.

The Mediterranean migrant crisis has claimed nearly 2,000 lives so far this, and Talba is just one of those who believed that it is better to die for something than to live for nothing.

Making a change

At SOS Children, we believe that every young person should grow up with opportunities and prosperity ahead of them. That's why in the Gambia, we are making agriculture respectable, meaningful and profitable – so that youngsters like Talba do not have to risk death just to achieve living standards most of us take for granted.

The Gambia is just one of a host of African countries where entrenched poverty means young people cannot see a way ahead at home. This is something Oumou Tall knows well. “They strongly believe that they cannot make it in their motherland,” she says.

The “back way”

Oumou is SOS Children's National Director in the Gambia. She has seen far too many youngsters give up on life in their home country, and apply for residency overseas. Such is the volume of applications, however, that many do not gain legal entry. “When they are refused a... visa, the only option is through the ‘back way’, as it is called in the Gambia,” she explains.

Even when they do not end in death, such journeys tear families apart. 19-year-old Oumar travelled up to Libya, convinced that only Europe could bring prosperity. Here in the UK, a young adult like Oumar might be starting a new job or beginning their university career – their chief financial concern the paydate for the next chunk of their student loan.

Instead, Oumar spent three months planning a journey that could very well have ended in his death, and with no source of finance for his venture. In the end, it was a contribution of 7,000 Gambian Dalasi (about £114) from his poverty-stricken mother – an expense she could hardly afford – that made his journey possible.

A young beneficiary of our community programmes in Basse, the Gambia
By making farming profitable as a skilled trade, we will make homegrown job opportunities more attractive to young people

But Oumar's odyssey was cut short after he reached Libya, when he began to be troubled by nightmares. His mother consulted a soothsayer who interpreted his dreams as foreshadowing a misfortunate turn of events. “The interpretation scared my mother,” he says. So he returned home.

Determination and resilience

Yet Oumar is still bent on crossing the Mediterranean. For him, there is no choice when all he can see ahead of him in the Gambia is unemployment and poverty.

“You know one may or may not be lucky [enough] to reach [Europe] alive,” he says. “Such a journey needs determination and resilience. It was tough, difficult and risky, but at my next attempt, I will make sure I have more support.”

Creating “greener pastures”

Oumar's refrain is a common one: “To be successful in life, I have to travel overseas for greener pastures.” That's why SOS Children's team in the Gambia are working to bring opportunities to young Gambians. The Youth Agricultural Project seeks to make agriculture profitable, change young people's views of the industry, and turn the tide of those resorting to the “back way” out of the Gambia.

We have taken on 35 hectares of land in the village of Kabocorr, where we plan to build an agricultural training centre for young Gambians. The project will target young people from SOS families and our community programmes, as well as other vulnerable people from the neighbourhood. Youngsters enrolled on the programme will build their skills and achieve certification so that can go on to rewarding, long-term work. The project will also improve the sustainability of local farming by providing technical coaching to local farmers so they can improve productivity, skills and good practice.

The project is still in its infancy, but the Gambian team is optimistic that they will find substantial financial backing in the near future. “It would be great if we can find a sponsor for this project that will be one of its kind in the Gambia,” says National Director Oumou. With the right support, SOS Gambia hope to realise the full scope of a project which could turn around young lives.

If this story has moved you, find out how you can make a lifelong difference to the life of a vulnerable child by sponsoring in the Gambia today.